Pass, (also spelled Khaiber or Khaybar; Pashto:
درہ) (altitude: 1,070 m or
3,510 ft) is a mountain pass that links Pakistan and Afghanistan.
history it has been an important trade
route between Central Asia and South Asia
and a strategic military location. The summit of the
Khyber Pass is 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) inside Pakistan at Landi
Kotal and it cuts through the North-Eastern part of the Safed Koh
mountains which themselves are a far South-Eastern extension of the Hindu Kush
versions of the Aryan migration theory, the Indo-Aryans
migrated to India via the Khyber Pass. Recorded invasions through the
Khyber begin with the conquests of Alexander the Great and also include later Muslim invasions
of South Asia, culminating with the
establishment of the Mughul Empire from 1526. The British
from India and fought three Afghan Wars in 1839-42, 1878-80, and 1919. George Molesworth, a member of the British force of 1919, summarised:
"Every stone in the Khyber has been soaked in blood." Rudyard
Kipling called it "a sword cut through the mountains."
chiefs and a British Political officer posed at Jamrud fort at
the mouth of the Khyber Pass in 1878.
To the north of
the Khyber Pass lies the country of the Mullagoris.
To the south is Afridi Tirah, while the inhabitants of villages in the Pass itself
clansmen. Throughout the centuries the Pashtun clans,
particularly the Afridis and the Afghan Shinwaris,
have regarded the Pass as their own preserve and have levied a toll on
travellers for safe conduct. Since this has long been their main source of
income, resistance to challenges to the Shinwaris' authority has often been
reasons, after the First World War the British
built a heavily engineered railway through the Pass. The Khyber Pass Railway from Jamrud, near Peshawar, to
border near Landi Kotal was opened in 1925.
Pakistani frontier post travellers were advised not to wander away from the
road, this being the barely controlled Federally Administered Tribal
tours to see the Khyber Pass in June to September with the permission of the
information and links sourced from Wikipedia)
Adventure Travel in North Pakistan